Saffron scientific name is Crocus sativus and Iran is one of its biggest producers of it in the world. Saffron is a small plant with a lifespan of a few years and a height of 10cm to 30cm. Saffron has benefits such as: anti-depression, increasing the prevention of loss vision during elderly years, preventing cancer, curing diabetes, enhancing the heart, curing asthma, having clear skin and preventing hair loss. Types of saffron in Iran include: Daste, Pushal, Sargol, Negin pushal, Konj or White.